越南精酿
Craft Beer BASIC

What is Craft Beer (1)? 什么是精酿啤酒(上)?

DEFINE CRAFT BEER

craft beer kuching front pageIs kind of hard to really explain the real definition of “Craft Beer”, since there is no world wide recognized organization give the real meaning of Craft Beer.

You can get different definitions of “Craft Beer” from different people and organization, there is no 100% right or wrong. Why should anyone stuck in the definitions so seriously, anyway we think it is better to stay in such a vague way, after all it will not be fun if anyone try to make “Craft Beer” into a very serious matter, then what is the point of drinking?


TRYING TO DEFINE

Anyway for ease of understanding, we will try to explain a bit of “Craft Beer” in our way. Normally we describe Craft Beer as Microbrewery beer, which are beers brew from small and independent breweries.

Microbreweries are small and independent companies compare to Macrobreweries, which are international giant company with extraordinary amount of capital and resources, such as ABInBevHeinekenCarlsberg. ABInBev was already the world largest brewer before they took over SABMiller, which was the second largest brewer in the world. ABInBev now owned a lot of brand, such as BudweiserCoronaStella ArtoisSam MiguelBecksHarbinHoegaardenLeffe, and many others.

We believe you know some of the beer mentioned above, yup, those beers are considered as Macrobrewery beer, not Microbrewery beer, those are non-craft beers by definition. But among all the brand mentioned above, most of the people still prefer refer Hoegaarden and Leffe as craft beer.

Not forget to mention Tiger beer, they was Macrobrewery before another giant Macrobrewery -Heineken International merged them to their subsidiary. And recent years, all these macrobreweries are buying over many microbreweries, among those microbreweries there are few very famous among Craft Beer lover such as  Goose IslandBallast Point Brewing and Lagunitas. Heineken bought over Lagunitas by USD500 million, all these MacroBreweries with abundance amount of cash flow and other resources start to conquer craft beer market now, because they know more and more people shifting from drinking normal beer to Craft Beer.

craft beer bought by macrobrewery

Nowadays getting more and more difficult to really define the real meaning of Craft Beer, should we include Goose Island as Craft Brewery or should we call them non-craft beer, this is reason why we said to define the real meaning of Craft Beer is futile, just enjoy it the goodness of craft beer.

For those who want serious answer for Craft Brewer, then this is for you. According the Brewer Association, those produce less than  15,000 barrel of beer per year consider craft beer brewery or microbrewery, which is equal to 1.7 million litre of beer, roughly half the water of Olympic swimming pools. In another words, those breweries who produce beer less than half the size of Olympic Swimming Pool annually, that particular beer considered as CRAFT BEER.

BEER in pools define microbrewery


MICRO-BREWERY VS MACRO-BREWERY

Craft Beer mostly brew by beer enthusiasts, almost all the craft beer breweries are started locally by craft beer enthusiasts. They like beer, THE REAL BEER, they use genuine and quality ingredient, just want to produce quality and good beer.

When come to genuine ingredient, you need to know the  4 basic elements of a beer– malt, hops, water, yeast. (We will have more discussion on each of these ingredients in future). While Macrobrewery need to gain more profit, they may replace these elements to other cheaper choices. Most of them may replace malt with corn or rice, because malt take half of the cost price of a beer. Besides substituting ingredients, they also have a lot of options to change the beer in order to make more profit.

barley and hopTo differentiate Craft Beer from normal beer, one of the easiest methods craft beer lover like to demonstrate is by smelling. You hardly can smell a pleasant scents from a MacroBrew beer, but you definitely can tell the different when drinking craft beer. That’s the reason why MacroBrew beer need to serve cool, some MacroBrew beer even said that their beer taste good at 4 degrees Celsius. Ever think of why? Because in cold temperature, human tongue hardly can taste good or bad, in cold temperature, any drink will make you feel good. That’s the reason professional craft beer drinker or beer judge not gonna drink a Craft Beer in a very cold temperature.

Because of genuine ingredient and the passionate of the brewer, Craft Beer taste more complicated and fascinating.

 

CLICK HERE to continue–>  What is Craft Beer (2)

 


 

中文版

 

定义 “精酿啤酒”

craft beer kuching front page如果想要真正定义“什么是精酿啤酒”,其实这并不是一件简单的事,毕竟公说公有理,精酿啤酒的解释也存有一些灰色的地带。全球也没有唯一一家公认的组织,有权利去定义,再说也不是你说了算,其他人接不接受是一回事。当然普遍还是有迹可循,大概的意思就是小型酒厂,利用纯正原料,生产出多种香气,颜色,味道的啤酒


普遍认可“精酿啤酒”的含义

精酿”来自英文“CRAFT”, 代表手工的意思,也就是利用手工精雕细琢的工匠精神,一种精益求精的态度,所以翻译成”精酿啤酒“,有些地方也称为“手工啤酒”,“手札啤酒”。

这些酒厂规模通常不会太大,通常也都是几个独立人士在操控,这些小酒厂也叫微型酒厂,所以我们通常也把这些所谓的 “微型酒厂”(MICROBREWERY)也统称为精酿啤酒厂

微型酒厂相对应的叫做大型酒厂(MACROBREWERY),这些大型酒厂都是跨国超级大型的公司,往往在多国有酿酒厂,也拥有大量的现金流,大量的政治和各种资源,这些大酒厂有 ABInBevHeinekenCarlsberg. ABInBev 其实是全球最大的酒厂,严格来说它一个跨国卖酒的超大企业,前几年尾随其后的第二大酒厂 SABMiller, 也通过并购被ABInBev吞并,所以当今没有所谓的第二大酒厂(HEINEKEN现在排第二),全球只此一家唯我独尊,它们旗下的啤酒品牌相信大家都耳熟能详,其中有 百威(Budweiser), 科罗那(Corona), 时代啤酒(Stella Artois), 生力啤酒(Sam Miguel), 贝克斯(Becks), 哈尔滨, (福佳白啤酒)Hoegaarden, (莱福)Leffe, 等等等。

最近几年ABInBev和其他大型酒厂也在全球大肆收购真正的精酿啤酒厂,好几家在精酿啤酒界里有名气的也被收购,比如 Goose IslandBallast Point BrewingLagunitas,其中Lagunitas有2款精酿是小编的最爱,芬芳迷人的香气,口感苦中带甘,确实无以伦比。奈何当今世界是由资本决定的,这些大资本家知道全球人口开始大量接受精酿啤酒,人们纷纷抛开以前喝普通啤酒的习惯,所以这些大酒厂通过巨额的投资,把整个精酿酒厂吞噬。HEINNEKEN 用了 5亿美金(USD500 million)收购LAGUNITAS。

craft beer bought by macrobrewery
被吞噬的著名精酿啤酒品牌

现在这种情况,怎么去定义这几家精酿啤酒?他们还算是精酿啤酒厂吗?这就是一个难题,当时在整个精酿啤酒界掀起了挺大的议论,至今还是可以看到各大神们的辩论。所以“精酿啤酒”现在没有所谓的“公认”的定义,我们也不要太纠结以名相上的分别,毕竟酒是拿来欢喝开心的,何苦作茧自搏。

当然如果还是坚持想去定义“何谓精酿啤酒”,那么这一段就是给你的:根据美国精酿啤酒协会 Brewer Association, 那些每年生产少于  15,000 桶酒的酒厂,可以叫做“精酿啤酒厂”,他们酿的的酒算是“精酿啤酒”。15,0000桶的酒什么概念?就是170万公升,也就是差不多半个标准奥林匹克游泳池的水量。换另一种表示方法,就是说 如果一家酒厂,一年酿少于半个游泳池的酒,他家的酒就可以名正言顺叫精酿啤酒。


小型酒厂 与 大型酒厂

1925酒吧
新加坡精酿啤酒吧

利用小型酒厂与大型酒厂来区分精酿啤酒已经不太重要,当我们述说精酿啤酒的同时,我们更在意啤酒的醇度,是否真材实料。而大型酒厂未了追求利益最大化,参杂了其他便宜的原料,比如玉米,大米等,啤酒的醇度就大打折扣。

啤酒基本4元素:麦芽,啤酒花,酵母,水。在这方面,小型酒厂更愿意利用纯正的原料来酝酿,为了更好的品质不断自我挑战,不愿意对劣质啤酒妥协。所以小型酒厂的精酿啤酒,基本都含有丰富的香气,味道和色泽,满足了人们对色香味的追求。

对于精酿啤酒的好处,尚有2件趣味可以分享,其一是由于精酿啤酒利用了纯正的麦芽,麦芽汁亦是滋补的饮料,所以适量的精酿啤酒可以是一种滋补,也可以强身健体,早期欧洲称啤酒为“液态面包”也不完全是空穴来风的。

另一件趣闻也是出于精酿啤酒的纯正原料的原因,因为原料的不作假,对酿好酒的执著,精酿啤酒往往不会上头(HANGOVER),也就是喝醉了,隔天也不会头晕不舒服,如果喝的适量,反而还会精神饱满,容光焕发。当然还是因人而异,这里还是不鼓励大家过度饮酒。

(关于麦芽,啤酒花,酵母,水,我们会在将来深度解析)

啤酒花和麦芽

 

按此继续–》   什么是精酿啤酒(下)



DISCLAIMER: CraftBeerKuching.com is intended for persons legally allowed to consume alcohol only. CraftBeerKuching.com is meant for leisure education and entertainment purposes only, the reviews and opinions expressed on CraftBeerKuching.com are solely our own experiences and knowledge, it may not reveal the truth. We held no responsible for any loss or damage caused through the use of the information on this site. CraftBeerKuching.com does not condone or support binge/excessive drinking, we promote love of a great craft beer, but also a healthy relationship to it. We do not promote over consumption, drinking and driving or anything that can place you or anyone else in harms way. CraftBeerKuching.com encourages a responsible approach to drinking and any actions taken while drinking.

免责声明: CraftBeerKuching.com 所提供的讯息只供可饮酒者。CraftBeerKuching.com 只是单纯提供啤酒的浅知识,和娱乐分享,所有的资讯和意见只是我们个人的经验和了解,并不代表事情的真相。我们对任何采用 CraftBeerKuching.com 中的讯息,造成任何的损失不付任何责任。 CraftBeerKuching.com 支持节制饮酒和饮酒不开车,我们不支持酒后暴力,不支持酒后乱性。我们只是希望在推广精酿啤酒文化发展上有所帮助,提升人们对于精酿啤酒的了解。 CraftBeerKuching.com 鼓励有责任的饮酒,酒后别开车